There are dozens of window types, each with their strengths and weaknesses, when it comes to shaping the architecture of a house. There is so much to be said about windows and their design and function; we’ll give a brief profile here.
Single and double hung windows
These windows are constructed of two sashes stacked vertically, with the main difference between a single and double hung window being whether or not the second sash is movable.
Pros: The movable sash is also removable, making it easy to clean. Additionally, they require very little clearance to open fully, which is ultimately space-saving from the outside.
Cons: They must be opened manually, and not by crank or other mechanism. This means they’re more difficult to operate for small children and require a steady grip to get open.
These are all the same type of window, which is permanently affixed to one side and will only swing open from that one side. The only difference is that casement windows open from the side, awnings from the top and hoppers from the bottom.
Pros: They’re great for summer ventilation, since the slanted window guides breezes inwards. Plus, they offer an uninterrupted view to the outside, since they’re made with a single frame.
Cons: In rare cases where the manufacturing did not correct the balance, the window can be hard to open or close.
Sliding windows are essentially window versions of sliding doors. They usually come in two panes and slide either vertically or horizontally.
Pros: They’re an even better space saver than single and double hung windows, since they require very little space to operate and the tracks make it very easy to use.
Cons: Tracks can become difficult to slide on if they become too dirty or crooked from use or warping. However, because it’s not a hidden mechanism, the track can be easy to fix.
Fixed windows are there to let in light and add architectural detail. They cannot be opened.
Pros: They’re beautiful and can come in a variety of designs. They also require no maintenance, except for cleaning.
Cons: The grillwork which makes fixed windows interesting also adds to the cleaning required.
The window styles listed above are generic types, but custom windows are commonly ordered when the house requires a specific design.